Home

Support this site

What's New
& Updated:

Real World
Yard Sale

Unidentified Marks
(5/22/05)

Last updated/verified: January 6, 2006 Site Map

Ginni's Home > Collectors Circle Home > Bohemian Information & History >
Factory Marks Part I > Factory Marks Part II

Bohemian, Czechoslovakian & Ceský Factory Marks
Part II of IV

Patience, please wait while hundreds of images load.
It takes time for all of the marks to display.


There is always more to do

I am not an expert on this subject. These are my observations. The more I research, the more contradictions I find. There may be more marks for each factory than just those displayed here.

Click a mark to enlarge, or click a link to go to the present day factory web site.

Click Button
An alphabetical index of factory names, common names, and Mark words with hyper links to the appropriate Marks table and Section.

Just Started!
Bohemian factories that used a bindenschild (beehive) for a mark.
There is information on the Fakes Part I - Famous Painters and Fakes Part II - Royal Vienna and others page.

OEPIAG & EPIAG Marks

OEPIAG & EPIAG - Stara Role, Czech Republic (Altrohlau, Bohemia, Austria)

This was an association of porcelain factories. More information and marks are on the Marks Table Part I.


Josef Kuba Marks

Josef Kuba, Karlovy Vary, Czech Republic (Carlsbad, Bohemia, Austria)

1900 Kuba founded the factory.
1945 the Karlovy Vary factory was closed and reopened business in Wiesau, Bavaria, Germany. It continued to use the same mark.

Josef Kuba
1900 - 1945
Josef Kuba
1945 - present
   


Peasant Art Industry by Josef Mrazek Marks

Peasant Art Industry by Josef Mrazek, Letovice, Moravia, Czech Republic (Moravia, Austria)

I find information on this factory as early as 1917 and as late as 1930. It is Moravian not Bohemian. The forms and decorations are very different from those found on Bohemian ceramics. I do not have a Moravian section so I put it here. This pottery seems to be quite collectible. The geometric designs bring more than the florals.

Josef Mrazek - Peasant Art
Josef Mrazek - Peasant Art
Josef Mrazek - Peasant Art
Josef Mrazek - Peasant Art


Josef Strnact Junior Marks

Josef Strnact, Trnovany, Czech Republic (Turn-Teplitz, Bohemia, Austria)

1881 Josef Strnact, Junior founded a terracotta, majolica and faience factory, as well as a porcelain decorating shop.
1902, he created a subsidiary in Geisingen named "Strnact Junior". Strnact later purchased the Anton Heller factory in Turn-Teplitz.
1934 the factory was acquired by Josef Pachmann and Elly Schubert.

Josef Strnact
1900 - 1933
Josef Strnact
1900 - 1933
Josef Strnact
1981
 


Julius Dressler Marks

Julius Dressler, Bela, Czech Republic (Biela, Bohemia, Austria)

1888 Julius Dressler founded the factory. The factory produced faience, maiolica, and porcelain.
1920 the name was changed to
EPIAG, according to Rontgen. I do not know what marks it subsequently used.

1945 it was closed about 1945.

Inside the mark you can see the initials JD & B, for Julius Dressler Biela.

Julius Dressler
1900 - 1918

Julius Dressler
1900 - 1918

Julius Dressler
1900 - 1945

Julius Dressler
 

Julius Dressler
 
Julius Dressler


Hubel & Co - K Kriegl & Co Marks

1791 Karl and Johann Kunerle, Josef Hubel and Josef Lange founded an earthenware cooperative factory in Praha, Czech Republic (Prague, Bohemia, Austria), the capital of Bohemia, then Czechoslovakia and the Czech Republic.
1800 the Kunerles and Lange left the business and it became Hubel & Co.
1835 K Kriegl & Co took over the business and began porcelain production in 1837.
1910 the factory closed.

1800 - 1835
An early mark is the word Prag, but
the P looks like an English B.
Another early mark is the word Prager.
1800 - 1835
Lastly, there is a third mark for this era.
1835 - 1910
The mark is a box with the text K&C Prag
Please send a mark for verification before assuming a match.


Karlsbad Porcelain Factory Carl Knoll Marks

Karlsbad Porcelain Factory Carl Knoll - Rybáre, Czechia (Fischern, Bohemia, Austria)

1842 a kaolin processing plant was founded here by Carl Knoll.
1848 began porcelain production. Carl died in 1868 his sons (Adolf, Karl, and Ludwig) expanded the production.
1903 the factory was owned by Anton Weber, Wilhelm Lorenz, Alred Lorenz, and Karl Knoll.
1925 Karl Knoll was no longer an owner.
1935 Ernst Mayer, Heinrich Endres, then
1944 Ernst Mayer and Mathilde Endres

1945 the factory closed

1920 it began producing an onion pattern.

Karlsbad Porcelain Factory Carl Knoll
around 1900
Karlsbad Porcelain Factory Carl Knoll
1916 - 1918
Karlsbad Porcelain Factory Carl Knoll
around 1900
Karlsbad Porcelain Factory Carl Knoll
around 1900
Karlsbad Porcelain Factory Carl Knoll
w/ Germany 1939 - 1945


Krautzberger, Mayer and Purkeht Marks

Krautzberger, Mayer and Purkeht , a factory in Bystrice, Czech Republic (Wistritz, Bohemia, Austria)

1911 to 1945. There is a mark that looks like a painter's pallete with the letters KMP. The mark is sometimes confused with the Konigliche Porzellan Manufaktur, Meissen, KPM.

Krautzberger, Mayer and Purkeht
1912 - 1918
without Czechoslovakia
1918 - 1945
with Czechoslovakia
Krautzberger, Mayer and Purkeht
1911 - 1918
without Czechoslovakia
1918 - 1945
with Czechoslovakia
   


Egerlander Porcellanfabrik Elbogen
Porzellanfabrik Rudolf Kampf, Grunlas
Leander, Porcelán Loucky Marks

Egerlander Porcellanfabrik Elbogen, GmbH, Loucky, Czech Republic (Grunlas, Bohemia, Austria)

1907 founded by Benjamin F Hunt & Son of Boston, who had previously had an interest in Benjamin F Hunt & Son in Loket; its name was Egerlander Porcellanfabrik Elbogen, GmbH.
1908 the owners were Ludwig Engel & Son.
1911 Richard Kampf bought the factory and Richard Dieterle became a partner, the name was Porzellanfabrik Rudolf Kampf GmbH, Grunlas, and the brand RKG. The letters RKG represent Rudolf Kampf of Grunlas .
1945 the company was nationalized into Slavkovský Porcelán
1953 it was transferred to the company "Bohemia."
1958 it became a part of Karlovarský Porcelán independent plant 04. See the Factory Mergers, Associations and Nationalizations table. 1992 the company was privatized as Leander 1946. It is presently known as Leander, Porcelán Loucky, sro (ltd); there are more history details on their Web site; be sure to click History.

It made colored clay porcelain in pink, green, blue, and white.
The Neffertiti shape/form received the CID award.
It represented the Czech porcelain industry at the World Exhibition in Montreal in the 19xx's.

gs002RKG-Mark-11.jpg
Leander, Porcelán Loucky
Current Mark

Leander 1946
1992 -

Egerlander Porcellanfabrik Elbogen
1907 - 1908
This mark was also used at the "Austria" factory in Lcoket
1896 - 1901

Porzellanfabrik Rudolf Kampf, Grunlas
1912 - 1945
1912-1918
Mark & Austria
1918-1945
Mark & Czechoslovakia

Porzellanfabrik Rudolf Kampf, Grunlas
1928 - 1939

Porzellanfabrik Rudolf Kampf, Grunlas
Nazi Occupation

Porzellanfabrik Rudolf Kampf, Grunlas
1939 - 1945

Leander 1946
Blue Onion
Karlsbader Zwiebelmuster

Leander 1946
Pink Porcelain
Roza Porzellan
1992 -

Leander 1946

Leander 1946


Weidermann - Weidermann & Fritsch & Lippmann - Weidermann & Fritsch
- Schulzer & Co - Manka Marks

Founded in 1876 by Carl Weidermann in Stará Role, Czech Republic (Altrohlau, Bohemia Austria) as a decorating studio. It is not known when it began manufacturing porcelain.

1925 it was owned by Karl Weidermann, Julius Fritsch, and Alosia Lippmann,
1930 the owners were Karl Weidermann and Julius & Albertine Fritsch,
1938 it was leased by Frank Manka
1936 to 1939 it was managed by the bank, and
1940 by the Volksbank,
1942 it was operated by Schulzer & Co
1944 it was managed by Herbert Manka
1946 it closed

Manka
1921 - 1939

1939 - 1945
with Germany

Manka
1921-1939
Manka
 


Ernst Mader - Kuhnel & Co
Kk Porcelain Factory "Concordia"
Melitta-Werke Bentz & Son, Branch Marks

Founded in 1888 by Ernst Mader, Lesov, Czech Republic (Lessau, Bohemia, Austria)

1904 Purchased by Kuhnel & Co. The owners were Josef Kuhnel, Enst Mader, and Anton Salomon.
1919 the Low Brothers acquired the factory after it went bankrupt and named it Kk Porcelain Factory "Concordia."
1933 Winterling & Co were leasees
1941 Karl Hugo and Willy & Wolfgang Bentz owned it and operated it as a branch of Melitta-Werke Bentz & Son of Germany.
1945 it became part of Thun National Enterprise. Eventually, it was merged into Karlovarský Porcelán. See the
Factory Mergers, Associations and Nationalizations table.

In 1946 it burned down, but was rebuilt in 1947. It is presently in operation as a plant of Thun Karlovarský Porcelán AS Závod Concordia Lesov. Bernadotte, a shape name, is a relief decorated set that has been in production for decades. Presently this factory produces two shapes the Bernadotte and the Colon.

Thun Karlovarský Porcelán Thun Karlovarský Porcelán
after 1993
Thun Karlovarský Porcelán
after 1993
with Baum Bros importer mark
Thun Karlovarský Porcelán
after 1993
with a Home Shopping Network sticker


Gareis & Mader - Leo Hohnl - Emil Schurer & Co - Anton Renz
Menzl & Co Marks

1895 - 1896 Ernst Mader established a porcelain factory and decorating studio in Jakubov, Czech Republic (Jokes-Wickwitz, Bohemia, Austria). Mader also had interests the Concordia factory and the Becher factory in Lesov. Emanual Gareis and Ernst Mader were the owners and it was named Gareis & Mader. Gareis too had an interest in the Becher factory.
1898 it was Mader alone.
1906 Leo Hohnl owned it.
1908 it was Emil Schurer & Co. Schurer also had a factory in Lesov.
1911 Josef Menzl was a partner.
1913 Anton Renz received the factory.
1916 to 1945 Menzl & Co owned it who also had a factory in Lesov, Jakubov, and the Josef Thomas Menzl & Co factory in Doubi (Aich).

There is one mark for this factory      


Marx & Gutherz
Oscar & Edgar Gutherz Marks

1884 Maximilian Marx and Oscar Gutherz established a porcelain decorating factory along the Rolava (Rohlau) River in Stara Role (Altrohlau). The business was financed by Lazarus-Straus. Later the business expanded into making porcelain.

1898 Edgar Gutherz purchased Marx’s share of the business. Up to this time, they had an exclusive agreement to market their porcelain under LS&S and their factory mark.
1899 the factory was able to market their porcelain through importers other than LS&S.
1918 the factory was purchased by OEPIAG.
1920 the name was changed to EPIAG.

After WWII, the factory was nationalized and became Thun Karlovarský Porcelán AS Zavod Sitotisk. See the Factory Mergers, Associations and Nationalizations table. It is still in operation today making the decals for porcelain decoration.

Marx & Gutherz
1885 - 1898
Oscar & Edgar Gutherz
1898 - 1918
EPIAG Oscar & Edgar Gutherz
1920 - 1938
 


Winter, Lochschmidt & Co - Austria - Benjamin F Hunt & Son
Julius Dietl Porcelain Factory in Elbogen and Kaltenhof
Porag, Porcelain Radiator GmbH Marks

Loket, Czech Republic (Elbogen, Bohemia, Austria)

1890 founded by Klement and Julie Winter, Andreas Maschauer, and Herman Lochschmidt, called Winter, Lochschmidt & Co, after leaving the Winter & Co company up the street.
1891 Lochschmidt sold his part of the business to Ernst Renz.
1895 The company was sold to Carl Speck and named Austria.
1896 Bejamin Hunt bought a piece of the company and in 1897 it was called Benjamin F Hunt & Son. Hunt eventually founded a factory, Egerlander Porcellanfabrik Elbogen in Loucky (Grunlas).
1901 Speck had financial trouble and the factory was bought by his brother in-law, Adolf Persch in Hajinste (Hegewald) a town northeast of Karlovy Vary (Karlsbad).
1934 Again, the factory was in financial trouble and sold at auction. It was then leased to Julius Dietl and named Julius Dietl Porcelain Factory in Elbogen and Kaltenhof.
1940 Rudolf Kampf who had Hunt's former factory, Porzellanfabrik Rudolf Kampf, Grunlas leased it.
1941 it was leased by Porag, and in 1943 Porag, Porcelain Radiator GmbH bought it.
1945 the factory closed.

Benjamin F Hunt & Son
1896 - 1901
This mark was also used at the "Benjamin F Hunt & Son" factory in Loucky
1907 - 1908
     


Paul Dachsel - PD Turn-Teplitz Marks

PD Turn-Teplitz, a pottery factory in Trnovany, Czech Republic (Turn-Teplitz, Bohemia Austria)

1905 Paul Dachsel founded his own factory after leaving Reissner, Stellmacher & Kessel Amphora where he was a designer. His goal was to make true Secessionist, Modernist, and early Art Deco pieces such as those by Alphonse Mucha and Renee Lalique. Dachsel pieces are unique. He also did work for Ernst Wahliss. Dachsel signed the front or edge of some pieces he did before starting his own company with the initials PD. Dachsel has a wonderful way of portraying women's faces.

Factory closure date to follow.

Paul Dachsel - PD Turn-Teplitz
Paul Dachsel - PD Turn-Teplitz
Paul Dachsel
An initial mark that was used on pieces designed by Dachsel, regardless of factory.
Paul Dachsel
An initial mark that is known to be on Reissner, Stellmacher & Kessel Amphora.


Johann Mohling - Baron Franz Freiherr von Ziegler
CV Anger - Ludwig Engel & Son
Porcelain Factory Aich, Menzl & Co Marks

Porcelain Factory Aich, Menzl & Co - Doubí, Czech Republic (Aich, Bohemia, Austria)

1849 Johann Mohling founded the factory producing household and decorative porcelain, and figurines. Additionally, he produced porcelain coins and later produced household and luxury porcelain that was exported to the United States.
1862 Baron Franz Freiherr von Ziegler bought the factory, selling it in
1863 to CV Anger. A Carl Anger joined the firm in 1864. They added coffee and tea sets, and portrait porcelain to the line.
1902 Ludwig Engel & Son bought the factory and operated it until 1918 when it became a branch of Josef Thomas Menzl & Co. It was called Porcelain Factory Aich, Menzl & Co.
1922 it became a part of
EPIAG. It converted to mass production.
1933 the factory closed.

CV Anger
1862-1901
Porcelain Factory Aich, Menzl & Co
Porcelain Factory Aich, Menzl & Co
 
EPIAG Porcelain Factory Aich, Menzl & Co
1923 - 1939


Brothers Martin Porcelain Factory
Porcelain Factory and Kaolin Wash “ALP” Marks

Hlubany, Czech Republic (Lubau, Bohemia, Austria)

Founded in 1874 by the Martin brothers. It was known as Brothers Martin or Gebruder Martin.
1918 became Porcelain Factory and Kaolin Wash “ALP”
1939 merged into
EPIAG
Closure – unknown - there are marks during the Nazi occupation.

There are six marks for this factory. I have none.

       


Nonne & Rosch - Kk Privileged Count Czernin's Porcelain Factory
Porcelain Factory Giesshubel Johann Schuldes Marks

Founded in 1803 by Christian Nonne and Ernst Karl Rosch in Stružná, Czech Republic (Kysibl-Giesshubel, Bohemia, Austria)

1803 Nonne and Rosch founded a stoneware factory here after Nonne lost his lease on Count Thun's estate. The factory was established on Count HJ Stibar's Kysibl estate. It was called Nonne & Rosch. The quality of their porcelain was poor.

1813 Johann Anton Hladik, new estate owner, purchased the factory following Nonne's death.
1815 Benedikt Knaute and Josef Schmellowski leased the factory. Around 1825 it began producing coffee and tea sets and decorative porcelain. In 1833 it changed from producing Late Baroque Thuringian shapes (forms) to Empire shapes.
1829 the factory was owned by Wilhem G Ritter von Neuberg & his wife.
1840 Franz Lehnert took over the lease.
1855 Johann Ritter von Neuberg owned the factory.
1865 J Kratochwill was a leasee.
1868 Count Hermann von Czernin owned the factory.
1879 Josef Wallisch leased it.
1892 Adolf Schuldes had the lease, and it was called Kk Privileged Count Czernin's Porcelain Factory. It made good quality tableware, coffee and tea sets, and decorative porcelain in Meissen and Vienna styles.
1902 Johann Schuldes owned the factory and its was Porcelain Factory Giesshubel Johann Schuldes.
1923 Hugo Schuldes and Frieda (Schuldes) Schindler were the owners.
1940 Irma Eckl became an owner with Frieda Schuldes.

At some point the factory operated as a branch of the Dalovice (Dallwitz) factory.

It is reported the factory closed in 1945, however there is a more current mark for the Czech Republic.

Schuldes
after 1993
     


E Eichler Thonwaren-Fabrik - Dux Porcelain - Royal Dux Bohemia
Porcelain Factory Royal Dux Marks

Porcelanova Manufaktura Royal Dux Bohemia, AS, Duchov, Czech Republic (Dux, Bohemia, Austria)

Founded in 1853 it began making utilitarian ceramics.
1860 the factory was bought by Eduard Eichler to become E Eichler Thonwaren-Fabrik. In 1862 it bought a small factory in Šelty near Ceská Lípa. Until the 1890's it produced only majolica and faience, mostly from terra cotta in the style of Sevrés, Copenhagen, and Worcester. The products were awarding winning.

1898 Eichler made it a stock company, Duxer Porzellan Manufaktur, AG with an office in Berlin. The company bought a factory in Blankenhain, Germany, and liquidated the factory in Šelty. At this time it began producing porcelain tableware, dinnerware, and decorative pieces. The factory is renowned for its human and animal figurines.
1900 it began using a trademark of an applied pink porcelain triangle with an acorn, the letter "E" and the words Royal Dux Bohemia. During the Vienna Secession period, the early 1900's, its designer Alois Hampel helped the factory achieve great success.
1912 to 1945 the factory was known as Royal Dux.
1918 it sold the factory in Germany.

1947 it was nationalized and merged with Eichwald Porcelain and Stove Factory, and Count Thun Porcelain Factory to become Duchovský Porcelán. The factories continued to use marks similar to their own marks before nationalization. The letter "D" was substituted for the letter "E" in the factory's marks.
1958 Duchovský Porcelán was merged into Karlovarský Porcelán. See the
Factory Mergers, Associations and Nationalizations table.
1992 it was privatized and became Porcelánová Manufaktura Royal Dux Bohemia, AS.
1997 Ceský Porcelán Dubí became the majority stockholder. Ceský Porcelán Dubí, is the former Eichwald Porcelain and Stove Factory with which it had previously been merged. Today it is known as Porcelánová Manufaktura Royal Dux Bohemia. Be sure to click on history.

Awards include:
Silver Medal in 1878 at the Paris exhibiton,
Grand Prix prize in 1904 at the St Louis world exhibition
Silver Medal in 1906 at the Milano exhibition, and
Gold Medal at the exhibition in Liberec.

Beware: There are Royal Dux fakes! Repronews.com had a free article about identifying them, but it has disappeared.

Porcelánová Manufaktura Royal Dux Bohemia
1900 to present

Royal Dux
1898 - 1918

Royal Dux
1898 - 1918

Royal Dux
Applied pink porcelain mark
1900 - 1947

Royal Dux Bohemia
1912 - 1918 with Austria
1918 - 1993 with Czechoslovakia

Royal Dux Bohemia
early 1900's
Modeler's mark
Alois Hampel

Royal Dux Bohemia
1912 - 1918
without Czechoslovakia
1918 - 1945
with Czechoslovakia


1918 - 1925


1918 - 1925

Royal Dux Bohemia
1918 - 1958

Royal Dux
references show this mark without Dux
1918 - 1945

Royal Dux
(the text is DPM)
1918 forward

Royal Dux
Applied pink porcelain mark
1947 forward

Royal Dux
1953 forward

Porcelánová Manufaktura Royal Dux Bohemia
All blue, black, or green
1947 - 1990
Black circle writing
blue triangle & center
with Czech Republic
1993 forward

Porcelánová Manufaktura Royal Dux Bohemia
Foil label 1990's
also appears on fakes


Pfeiffer & Lowenstein
Porcelain Factory Schlackenwerth Josef Pfeiffer Marks

Founded in 1873 by Ludwig Lowenstein in Ostrov , Czech Republic (Schlackenwerth, Bohemia Austria).

1900 the factory was managed by Josef Pfeiffer Jr, and it was called Pfeiffer & Lowenstein
1938 the Nazis confiscated the Lowensteins shares, the factory was then known as Porcelain Factory Schlackenwerth Josef Pfeiffer
1944 the owners were Luise & Wilhelm Pfeiffer and George von Hoffmann.
1949 it closed

The letters in the Marks are Pfeiffer u(and) lowenstein schlackenwerth

Pfeiffer & Lowenstein
1901 - 1941

Pfeiffer & Lowenstein
1914 - 1918

Pfeiffer & Lowenstein
1916 - 1918
with Austria
1918 - 1941
with Czechoslovakia

Pfeiffer & Lowenstein
1914 - 1918

Pfeiffer & Lowenstein
1914 - 1918

Pfeiffer & Lowenstein
1918 - 1941
The text under the crown is
SCHLACKEN WERTH

Pfeiffer & Lowenstein
? - 1941

Pfeiffer & Lowenstein
? - 1941

Pfeiffer & Lowenstein
 

Pfeiffer & Lowenstein


Porcelain Union, United Porcelain Factory AG Marks

Porcelain Union, United Porcelain Factory AG, Meretitz, Czechia (Miretice, Bohemia, Austria)

1921 Porcelain Union, United Porcelain Factory AG was formed in the village of Meretitz outside of Klasterec (Klosterle). The Anglo Czechoslovakia bank merged several factories to form the new business with offices in Klášterec. These factories were: Gottfired and Vielgut, W Tuma & O Vielgut Porcelain Factory, and the Julius Neuman factory was also a part of the business. One of the Marks used by these factories was a wreath with the word Union and the alpha character "K," for Klášterec or Klosterle. (Note: Henderson and Rontgen have different descriptions for these factories. The above information is according to Decorated Bohemian Porcelain, Henderson.)

Additionally in 1921 the Alexandra Porcelain Works Ernst Wahliss factory in Trnovany (Turn-Teplitz, Bohemia, Austria) was merged into the new business. One of the Marks used by this factories was a wreath with the word Union and the alpha character "T," for Turn-Teplitz or Trnovany.

1927 Porcelain Union, United Porcelain Factory AG joined the EPIAG association.

1939 all of the factories were closed.

Porcelain Union, United Porcelain Factory
1921 -
Porcelain Union, United Porcelain Factory
1921 -
   


Robert Hanke Porcelain Factory Marks

Robert Hanke Porcelain Factory, Ledvice, Czechia (Ladowitz, Bohemia, Austria)

1882 founded by Robert Hanke.

1945 the factory closed.

Robert Hanke
1900 - 1918

Robert Hanke
 

Robert Hanke
 

Robert Hanke
 

Robert Hanke
 
Robert Hanke
 


Rudolf Ditmar - Rudolf Ditmar Heirs - Triptis AG - Ditmar-Urbach AG
Ostmark-Ceramic AG Marks

Ditmar-Urbach AG, Znojmo, Moravia, Czechia (Znaim, Moravia, Austria)

1879 the factory was founded by Rudolf Ditmar. At some point, it became Rudolf Ditmar Heirs.
1910 it was then taken over by Imperially and Royally Privileged Wilhemsberg-Earthenware Factory in Wilhelmsberg, Austria, owned by Richard Lichtenstern, who bought
Bros Urbach factory in Trnovany, Bohemia (Turn-Teplitz, Bohemia, Austria) in 1912. At some point, the Urbach and Ditmar factories were combined to create one entity.
1913 the company was bought by Triptis AG in Triptis, Germany.
1919 Triptis AG was dissolved and the former owner Richard Lichtenstern bought back the company, Lictenstern maintained ownership, but split the factories to create two companies, Ditmar-Urbach AG and Wilhemlmsberger Eartheware Factory Richard Lichtenstern & Co.
1938 it was confiscated by the Nazis and became Ostmark-Ceramics AG.
1945 the factory was nationalized.
Present status uknown.

It is Moravian not Bohemian. The forms and decorations can be different from those found on Bohemian ceramics. I do not have a Moravian section so I put it here.

Ditmar-Urbach
 
     


Schlaggenwald Porcelain Industry Bernhart & Co Marks

Schlaggenwald Porcelain Industry Bernhart & Co, Horni Slavkov, Czech Republic (Schlaggenwald, Bohemia, Austria)

1919 Josef Grosse, Eugen Hanusch, Heinrich, Heinrich Bernhart, and Georg Winterstein founded the factory in a former spinning mill. The factory name was Schlaggenwald Porcelain Industry Bernhart & Co. Even after the area officially became a new country, Czechoslovakia, the factory continued to use Austria in its Mark.
1925 Panzer & Co was a leaseholder. The owners were Rudolf Vigl and Emil Krahl.

In 1927, the owners of Haas & Czjzek and Sommer & Matschak protested against Panzer & Co for using the name Schlaggenwald Porcelain Industry in its name. This mark is very close to Sommer & Matschak's mark with the letters SM.

It closed in 1928.

Schlaggenwald Porcelain Industry Bernhart & Co
1919 - 1928
     


Schneider & Co Marks

Founded in 1904 by F Anton Schneider and Johann Geier, Stará Role, Czech Republic (Altrohlau, Bohemia, Austria)

1926 Josef Lenhart purchased the factory. The Schneider & Co name was used through 1937. I think the letters in the mark are J S and L.

1949 the factory closed.

 Schneider & Co
1904 - 1945
 Schneider & Co
1904 - 1945
 Schneider & Co
1904 - 1945
 


Waldmann & Spinner - Springer & Co - Sommer & Matschak Marks

Sommer & Matschak, porcelain factory in Horní Slavkov, Czech Republic (Schlaggenwald, Bohemia Austria)

1901 founded by Anton Waldmnn and Josef Spinner.
1904 in the spring it was sold to Springer & Co, and again in the fall it sold to Karl Sommer and Ernst Matschak, and was named Sommer & Matschak. Matschak's wife, Henriette, assumed his shares when he died in 1915. When Karl kied in 1924, it was Friederich Sommer and Anton Pulz. The Sommer & Matschak mark is similar to
Schlaggenwald Porcelain Industry Bernhart & Co mark.
1945 the factory closed.

Sommer & Matschak
     


Haideinger Brothers Porcelain Factory in Elbogen
Vienna Porcelain and Earthenware Factory of Haidinger Brothers
First Elbogen Porcelain and Coal Industry - Springer & Co Marks

1815 Rudolf K and Eugen K Haidinger founded a porcelain factory in Loket, Czech Republic (Elbogen, Bohemia Austria) as a branch of their Vienna, Austria factory. It was named Haideinger Brothers Porcelain Factory in Elbogen, it was also known as Vienna Porcelain and Earthenware Factory of Haidinger Brothers.
1828 their brother Karl W joined the business.
1873 the business was sold to Springer & Oppenheimer following the Haidinger brothers deaths. It was called First Elbogen Porcelain and Coal Industry.
1885 it became Springer & Co when Oppenheimer left. Patterns included: Meteor, Asmanit, Aria, Asur, and Rosee as can be seen in some of their marks.
1918 it was one of the original members of the
OEPIAG/EPIAG.

In 1945, it was nationalized along with the other EPIAG factories and merged into Starorolský Porcelán with Altrohlau Porcelain Factory and "Victoria" Schmidt & Co. In 1958, Starorolský Porcelán merged into Karlovarský Porcelán. Also, see the Factory Mergers, Associations and Nationalizations table. It is still in operation today as Thun Karlovarský Porcelán AS Závod Loket.

In the 1830's it won awards

Springer & amp; Co
1891 - 1918

Springer & amp; Co
1891 - 1918

EPIAG Springer & Co

EPIAG Springer & Co

EPIAG Springer & Co
1920 - 1945

EPIAG Springer & Co

EPIAG Springer & Co

Springer & Co
1920 - 1945

EPIAG Springer & Co
1939-1945
Germany

EPIAG Springer & Co
Springer & Co
Nazi Occupation


Winter & Co - Lippert, Much & Co - Kretschmann & Co
Stark & Co Marks

Winter & Co, Locket, Czechia (Elbogen, Bohemia, Austria)

1872 Johann and Magarethe Kempf founded the second factory in this village to make pottery.
1886 to 1887 they hired Klement Winter, a porcelain decorator and his wife, Julie. The factory was called Winter & Co. In 1888 it began porcelain production along with earthenware.
1890 Johann Kempf sold his share to Andreas Maschauer and Hermann Lochschmidt. Winter, Lochschmidt, and Mauschauer built a larger factory down the street, and named it
Winter, Lochschmidt & Co.

1891 the smaller factory was sold to Heinrich Kretschmann and Franz Wurda.
1892 Georg Friedrich purchased the factory.
1893 the factory workers took over the business and called it Lippert, Much & Co
1894 Ernst Schlesinger bought the factory at auction for his sister Anna . The factory was leased to Heinrich Kretschmann.
1898 Heinrich Kretschmann purchased it and had a partner Adabert Hofmann. It was called it Kretschmann & Co. 1899 Kretschmann bought out Hofmann.
1910 the factory was leased to Albert Stark, and it was called Stark & Co
1912 Heinrich Fieler and the Bohemian Escomptebank purchased shares in the company.
1914 to 1916, during WWI the factory was closed.
1916 Kretschmann sold his remaining shares to Fieler who then merged the factory with his porcelain decorating business. Fieler's daughter, Ernestine Rokyta, sold her share of the business. Rokyta's husband ran the business until his death in 1935.
1935 Karlsbader Vereinbank took over the business.
1938 the factory closed.
1940 it was used as a decorating shop.
1942 to 1945, during WWII it was closed.
1945 to 1949 the government operated the business.

1949 it ceased all operations.

Stark & Co
~1910
     


Hasslacher - Nowotný - Moritz Zdekauer - Altrohlau Porcelain Factory
Starorolský Porcelán Moritz Zdekauer Marks

Starorolský Porcelán Moritz Zdekauer a.s., Stará Role, Czech Republic (Altrohlau, Bohemia, Austria)

1810 by Benedikt Hasslacher to manufacture pottery faience (earthenware).
1820 Jan Nodherne leased part of the factory and sold part of it to Ondrej Schwengsbier. Hasslacher's son bought the administrative part of the business.
1823, at the end of the lease, it was sold to August Franz Nowotný. Nowotný continued to produced faience, including a beauftiful puprle tea set that I have seen in new products.

1838 Nowotný received a license to produce household, decorative, and table porcelain. He gave attention not only to quality, but to design, developing new designs with Praha painter Jiri Dobler and sulptor Thomas Seidan. Additionally, he had retail stores in Praha, Budapest, and Vienna.
1884 Moritz Zdekauer purchased the factory. The letters "MZ" have been maintained in the logo ever since, including being on the factory building today.
1909 C.M. Hutschenreuter, the Hohenberg, Germany porcelain manufacturer, became the owner, and named it Altrohlau Porcelain Factories (Altrohlauer Porzellanfabriken). The bank retained a part of the factory. One of the marks appears as CM-R, but is actually, CMHR.
1921 it became a joint stock company.
One can find numerous decorator marks and importer marks with one of these factory marks.
1945 it was nationalized as Starorolský Porcelán, then in
1958 it became Karlovarský Porcelán Stará Role I. See the
Factory Mergers, Associations and Nationalizations table.
1992 the company was privatized and is currently known as Starorolský Porcelán Moritz Zdekauer.

Starorolský Porcelán Moritz Zdekauer
Current Mark
August Nowotný
August Nowotný
1838 -1884
Moritz Zdekauer

Moritz Zdekauer

Moritz Zdekauer
 
Moritz Zdekauer
1891 - 1917
Moritz Zdekauer
1884 - 1909 Moritz Zdekauer
1894 - 1904
Reidl & Zdekauer
Josef Riedl,
decorator mark
1890 - 1918

Habsburg China

 

Hutschenreuther & Habsburg China
Altrohlau Porcelain Factories
1909 - 1918
Hutschenreuther Altrohlau
Altrohlau Porcelain Factories
1918 - 1939
CM Hutschenreuther Altrohlau
Altrohlau Porcelain Factories
CM Hutschenreuther Altrohlau
Altrohlau Porcelain Factories
1918 - 1939
In the Marks to the left you can see the initials CMHR for CM Hutschenreuther. CM Hutschenreuther Altrohlau
Altrohlau Porcelain Factories
1918 - 1939
CM Hutschenreuther Altrohlau
1918 - 1939
During the Nazi occupantion, the eagle mark had the words Altrohlauer Porzellan Fabriken. Karlovarský Porcelán Stará Role I Karlovarský Porcelán Stará Role I
Graham & Zenger
~1925 - 1941
Graham & Zenger
New York - Importer for CM Hutschenreuther
     


Eduard Stellmacher - Stellmacher Co

Stellmacher Co, a pottery factory in Trnovany, Czech Republic (Turn-Teplitz, Bohemia Austria)

1905 Eduard Stellmacher founded his own factory after leaving the company he started with his friends, Reissner, Stellmacher & Kessel Amphora. Eduard is Alfred Stellmacher's son who in 1859 founded Alfred Stellmacher Imperial and Royal Porcelain Factory, that was bought by Ernst Wahliss. Eduard's mark is often confused with his former company's mark and his father's company name.

1912 the factory closed.

Eduard Stellmacher
Eduard Stellmacher
Eduard Stellmacher
 


Anton Heller - Teplitz Metal Porcelainworks Victor Heller

1889 to 1920 estimated dates Trnovany, Czech Republic, (Turn-Teplitz, Bohemia, Austria)

It was known as Anton Heller, and then later as Teplitz Metal Porcelainworks Victor HellerThe factory produced terra cotta, majolica, and porcelain ceramics with a metal layer.

It was purchased by Josef Strnact Junior in the early 1900's.


Moser Brothers Britania-Porcelain Works - Eberhardt & Co
United Porcelain Factories Meierhofen Marks

1898 Moser Brothers Britania-Porcelain Works was established by Otto, Felix, and Hugo Moser in Dvory, Czech Republic (Meierhofen, Bohemia, Austria). It was named the Porcelain Factory Meierhofen in the early 1900’s.
1912 Ludwig Eberhardt purchased the factory then it was Eberhardt & Company until
1918 when it merged with
Benedikt Brothers AG. The two merged factories became United Porcelain Factories Meierhofen.
1931 to 1945 it was a member of EPIAG.

After WWII it became part of Starorolský Porcelán with EPIAG, followed by Karlovarský Porcelán. See the Factory Mergers, Associations and Nationalizations table. I do not know its current status.


"Victoria" Schmidt & Co Marks

"Victoria" Schmidt & Co, Stará Role, Czech Republic (Altrohlau, Bohemia, Austria)

Founded 1883 by Lazarus and Rosenfeld, Ltd. 1885 it was sold to Franz Schmidt. It was the largest factory. The factory’s main concern was commercial production and was not concerned with artistic value. Still though, it produced some high quality pieces. It also manufactured a ceramic called porelite, a substandard version of porcelain. In 1945 it merged with the Altrohlau Porcelain Factories and the EPIAG factories to become a part of Starorolský Porcelán, then Karlovarský Porcelán Stará Role II in 1958. See the Factory Mergers, Associations and Nationalizations table.

The factory has been a training facility since 1970. Today it is part of Thun Karlovarský Porcelán.

Victoria Schmidt & Co
1891 - 1918 Victoria Schmidt & Co
1891 - 1918

Victoria Schmidt & Co
 
Victoria Schmidt & Co

Victoria Schmidt & Co
 

Victoria Schmidt & Co
1904 - 1918 Austria

Victoria Schmidt & Co
1904 - 1918 Austria
1918 - 1939 Czechoslovakia
1939 - 1945 Germany

Victoria Schmidt & Co
1918 - 1939 Victoria Schmidt & Co
1918 - 1939
& w/o Czechoslovakia
1939 - 1945

Victoria Schmidt & Co
 

Victoria Schmidt & Co
1919 - 1945 Victoria Schmidt & Co
1918 - 1945 Victoria Schmidt & Co
1918 - 1945

EPIAG Victoria Karlovarský Porcelán
1945 - 1958

EPIAG Victoria Karlovarský Porceláno
1945 - 1958
EPIAG Victoria Karlovarský Porcelán
1945 - 1958

EPIAG Victoria Karlovarský Porcelán

EPIAG Victoria Karlovarský Porcelán


Schiller & Gerbing - Gerbing & Stephan
W Schiller & Son Marks

Founded in 1829 by Gerbing and Schiller in Podmokly, Czechia. (Bodenbach, Bohemia, Austria)

1885 approximately, the company was split into two factories W Schiller & Son and Gerbing & Stephan.

1914 the factory closed.

W Schiller & Son
1885 - 1914

These marks are for
W Schiller & Son

W Schiller & Son
1885 - 1914
W Schiller & Son
1885 to 1914
W Schiller & Son
 


August Wolf & Co
W Tuma & O Vielgut Marks

W Tuma & O Vielgut Porcelain Factory Meretitz, Czechia (Miretice, Bohemia, Austria)

1910 August Wolf & Co was founded as an earthenware and stoneware factory,
1913 Wenzel Tuma owned the factory. In 1921 it was called W Tuma & O Vielgut Porcelain Factory.
1921 it was merged into the new company
Porcelain Union, United Porcelain Factory AG.
1927 Porcelain Union, United Porcelain Factory AG joined the EPIAG association.

1939 all of the factories were closed.

Porcelain Union, United Porcelain Factory
1921 -
     


William Thomasch Marks

William Thomasch Teplice, Czechia (Teplitz-Schonau, Bohemia, Austria)

No information at this time.

William Thomasch
1893 - 1964
     


Becher & Stark - Schwalb Brothers - Camill Schwalb
Zettliz Kaolin Works Department Porcelain Factory Merkelsgrun Marks

Founded in 1868 by Alfred & Malvine Becher, Merklin, Czech Republic (Merkelsgrun, Bohemia, Austria)

The factory produced earthenware and porcelain.
1871 Fanni Becher and Anna Stark owned the factory; it was called Becher & Stark.
1881 Karlsbad Savings Bank ran the factory.
1882 it was run by the Schwalb Brothers and called Brothers Schwalb. Benedikt & Friedman were the USA importers. The Schwalb Brothers also owned a factory in Rybare (Fischern) that suffered fire damage and closed in 1883.
1889 Camill Schwalb was the owner. George Borgfeldt was the importer for the USA and Canada.
1895 the factory was called Karlsbad Kaolin Industry Co. The factory began producing technical porcelain besides household porcelain. In
1912 the factory merged with Zettliz Kaolin Works Department Porcelain Factory Merkelsgrun. Subsequently it moved away from household porcelain and began to also produce laboratory porcelain, and other industrial items.

Bruder Schwalb
1882 - 1889
It says:
Bruder Schwalb Carlsbad
Bruder Schwalb
1882 - 1891
It says: BSM
Bruder Schwalb
1889 - 1895
It says:
Carlsbad CSM Austria

Bruder Schwalb
1889 - 1895

Bruder Schwalb
1912 - 1918
Not positive of a match

Bruder Schwalb
1918 - 1939


Support this site

< Back to: Information & History < Back to: Part I of IV Next: Part III of IV >

That is all I can do today. Check back later to see if I am doing more construction.

If you have a sample of a mark and know which factory it belongs to, please send me an email.

Contact Me

Google
Collectors Circle
*
 Go to:  Collection Home    -    Bohemian Porcelain    -    Bohemian Glass    -    American Glass    -    Literature   

For no ka oi (the best) of Hawaii and the South Seas visit my new site
HawaiiByDesign.com
Featuring Fashions to Travel, including Jewelry, Body and Spa, Home Decor, and Plants

Ginni D Snodgrass
© Copyright 2001-2007.
All rights reserved.