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Ginni's Home > Collectors Circle Home > Bohemian Information & History > Factory Marks Part I

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Collectors Circle
Bohemian, Czechoslovakian & Ceský Porcelain Factory Marks
Part I of IV

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Factory Table Button
An alphabetical index of factory names, common names, and Mark words with hyper links to the appropriate Marks table and Section.

Beehive Button
Bohemian factories that used a bindenschild (beehive) for a mark.
There is information on the Fakes Part I - Famous Painters & Fakes Part II - Royal Vienna+ pages.

Click a mark to enlarge, or click a link to go to the present day factory Web site.

OEPIAG & EPIAG Marks

OEPIAG & EPIAG - Stara Role, Czechia (Altrohlau, Bohemia, Austria)

This was an association of porcelain factories. It was formed in 1918 by the Vienna (Austrian) government, and named OEPIAG (Österreichische Porzellan Industrie AG - Austrian Porcelain Industry). In 1920, to reflect the creation of the new country, Czechoslovakia, the name was changed to EPIAG (Erste Böhemische Porzellan Industrie AG - First Bohemian Porcelain Industry).

It is important to note that OEPIAG/EPIAG is not a factory. Each factory was maintained as an independent business, but joined together to promote Bohemian porcelain. Most of the member factories (but not all) used a form of the association's name as a Mark. For factory information, see Marks for each individual factory.

1918 founding factories were:
Proeschold & Co, Dallwitz (Dalovice, Czechia)
Springer & Co, Elbogen (Loket, Czechia)
Oscar & Edgar Gutherz, Altrohlau (Stara Role, Czechia)
Fischer & Mieg, Pirkenhammer (Brezova, Czechia)

1920 Julius Dressler,Biela (Bela, Bohemia, Czechia)
1923 Porcelain Factory Aich Menzl & Co, Aich (Doubi, Czechia)
1927 Porcelain Union, United Porcelain Factory, Klosterle, Klosterle (Klasterec, Czechia) and
1927 Porcelain Union, United Porcelain Factory, Turn-Teplitz, Turn-Teplitz (Trnovany, Czechia)
1932 United Porcelain Factories Meierhoffen, Meierhoffen (Dvory, Czechia)
1939 Porcelain Factory and Kaolin Wash "Alp", Lubau (Hlubany, Czechia)

In 1945, the EPIAG companies were merged into Starorolský Porcelán with Altrohlau Porcelain Factory and "Victoria" Schmidt & Co. However, some factories continued to use an EPIAG mark, and "Victoria" Schmidt & Co starting using an EPIAG mark. In 1958, Starorolský Porcelán merged into Karlovarský Porcelán. Also, see the Factory Mergers, Associations and Nationalizations table.

OEPIAG Fischer & Mieg
Fischer & Mieg
1918 - 1920

EPIAG Fischer & Mieg
Fischer & Mieg
1920 - 1938
EPIAG Fischer & Mieg
Fischer & Mieg
1920 - 1938
EPIAG Fischer & Mieg
Fischer & Mieg
 

Menzl
Porcelain Factory
Aich Menzl & Co

EPIAG Springer & Co
Springer & Co
EPIAG Springer & Co
Springer & Co

Springer & Co
Springer & Co
1920 - 1945

Springer & Co
Springer & Co
 

Springer & Co
Springer & Co
1920 - 1945

Springer & Co
Springer & Co
1939-1945
Germany

Springer & Co
Springer & Co
Nazi Occupation

Springer & Co
Springer & Co
 

O&EG
Oscar & Edgar Gutherz
1918 - 1920

O&EG
Oscar & Edgar Gutherz
1920 - 1938

O&EG
O&EG or Victoria?

Victoria
"Victoria" Schmidt & Co
1945 - 1958

Victoria
"Victoria" Schmidt & Co
1945 - 1958

Victoria
"Victoria" Schmidt & Co
Victoria
"Victoria" Schmidt & Co

Proeschold & Co
Proeschold & Co
1920 - 1945

DF is for Dalovice Factory

Proeschold & Co
Proeschold & Co
Nazi Occupation

Proeschold & Co
Proeschold & Co
after 1945

Unknown Czech Porcelain Mark
Unknown

Unknown Czech Porcelain Mark
Unknown

Unknown Czech Porcelain Mark
Unknown

Unknown Czech Porcelain Mark
1993 -
Unknown
Notice the Czech Republic


Adolf Persch Porcelain Factory Marks

Adolf Persch Porcelain Factory, Hajinste, Czech Republic (Hegewald, Bohemia, Austria)

1850 Adolf Persch founded a factory in Hajinste. 1901 to 1934 Persch also owned a factory in Loket.

1945 the factory closed.

Adolf Persch
1918 - 1939
     


Ernst Wahliss - Alfred Stellmacher
Alexandra Porcelain Works Ernst Wahliss Marks

Ernst Wahliss Trnovany, Czech Republic (Turn-Teplitz, Bohemia, Austria)

1863 The Ernst Wahliss business was founded in Trnovany, Czech Republic (Turn-Teplitz, Bohemia, Austria). The business had retail stores in London, England and Vienna, Austria where it sold Bohemian porcelain.

1894 Wahliss bought the Alfred Stellmacher Imperial and Royal Porcelain Factory (founded in 1859). Ernst died in 1900. In 1902, his sons, Hans and Erich, bought 600 original molds from the former Imperial and Royal Porcelain Manufactory in Vienna and made reproductions of the Vienna porcelain. In 1905, his sons Hans and Erich named the company Alexandra Porcelain Works Ernst Wahliss. Manufacturing turned to mostly faďence after 1910. This factory was known for its unique designs. Paul Dachsel designed some pieces before starting his own factory in 1905.

1921 the factory was merged into Porcelain Union, United Porcelain Factory AG. One of the Marks used by this factories was a wreath with the word Union and the alpha character "T," for Turn-Teplitz or Trnovany.

1927 Porcelain Union, United Porcelain Factory AG joined the EPIAG association.

1934 all of the Porcelain Union, United Porcelain Factory AG factories were closed.

This factory sometimes used a bidenschield (beehive) Mark on pieces. The factory also used Angelica Kauffmann painting reproductions on its pieces. Some of these pieces are not properly marked for the factory and some pieces have the Kauffmann signature in the motif; these pieces are considered "fakes." Pieces must be properly disclosed as to factory and not everyone knows that Kauffmann died a long time before the factory was founded. The true Imperial and Royal Porcelain Manufactory bidenschield Mark is hard to distinguish. Nonetheless, this factory produced high quality beautiful pieces. See more on the second fakes page."

Alexandra Porcelain Works Ernst Wahliss
1894 - 1918

Alexandra Porcelain Works Ernst Wahliss
1894 - 1918

Alexandra Porcelain Works Ernst Wahliss
1897 - 1906

Fischer & Mieg & Ernst Wahliss
Ernst Wahliss?
& Fischer & Mieg
1853 - 1873 mark

Alexandra Porcelain Works Ernst Wahliss
1899 - 1918

Alexandra Porcelain Works Ernst Wahliss
about 1905 to 1921

Alexandra Porcelain Works Ernst Wahliss
about 1905 to ?
Alexandra Porcelain Works
Turn - Royal Vienna

Alexandra Porcelain Works Ernst Wahliss
before 1918

Porcelain Union
1921 - 1934

Alexandra Porcelain Works Ernst Wahliss
1903 - 1921~

Alexandra Porcelain Works Ernst Wahliss
paper sticker

Alexandra Porcelain Works Ernst Wahliss
paper sticker

Alexandra Porcelain Works Ernst Wahliss

Alfred Stellmacher Imperial and Royal Porcelain Factory
Ernst Wahliss Marks

Alexandra Porcelain Works Ernst Wahliss, Trnovany, Czech Republic (Turn-Teplitz, Bohemia, Austria)

1859 Alfred Stellmacher founded Alfred Stellmacher Imperial and Royal Porcelain Factory. The factory produced decorative porcelain, flowers, table and household porcelain.
1894 Ernst Wahliss bought the factory.

Note: this factory is not part of Reissner, Stellmacher, and Kessel Amphora. Alfred’s son, Eduard, is the Stellmacher for RStK Amphora, whom started his own factory Stellmacher Co in 1905.

Alfred Stellmacher
1859 - 1897
Alfred Stellmacher
1859 - 1897
Alfred Stellmacher
1859 - 1897
 


Riessner, Stellmacher & Kessel Amphora - Reissner & Kessel Amphora
Amphora Works Riessner Marks

Riessner, Stellmacher & Kessel Amphora, a pottery factory in Trnovany, Czech Republic (Turn-Teplitz, Bohemia Austria)

The company was founded in 1892 by Riessner, Stellmacher & Kessel.
1892 - 1905 the mark reflected the three owners with the initials "RStK."
1905 - 1910 the mark reflected the two owners after Eduard Stellmacher left to form his own company, "RK," and was named Amphora Factory Riessner & Kessel.
1910 - 1945 the factory name was Amphora Works Riessner, after Kessel left.
1945 the company was nationalized, but I do not know to which company. Additionally, I do not know if or when it closed.

Riessner, Stellmacher &  Kessel Amphora 1892 - 1905

Riessner, Stellmacher &  Kessel Amphora
1899 - 1905

Riessner, Stellmacher &  Kessel Amphora
1892 - 1905

Riessner, Stellmacher &  Kessel Amphora
1892 - 1905

Riessner, Stellmacher &  Kessel Amphora
1892 - 1905

Riessner, Stellmacher &  Kessel Amphora
1892 - 1905

Riessner, Stellmacher &  Kessel Amphora
Paul Dachsel Signature

Riessner, Stellmacher &  Kessel Amphora
1892 - 1905

Riessner, Stellmacher &  Kessel Amphora
1892 - 1905

Riessner, Stellmacher &  Kessel Amphora
1900~
EDDA

Riessner, Stellmacher &  Kessel Amphora
1903 - 1918

Riessner, Stellmacher &  Kessel Amphora
1903 - 1918

Riessner, Stellmacher &  Kessel Amphora
1903 - 1918
Amphora Faience

Riessner, Stellmacher &  Kessel Amphora
1892 - 1905

Riessner, Stellmacher &  Kessel Amphora
1892 - 1910

Amphora Factory Riessner & Kessel
1905 - 1910

Amphora Works Riessner
1918 - 1939

Riessner, Stellmacher &  Kessel Amphora
unconfirmed


Anton Fischer Earthenware Factory Marks

Všeruby, Czech Republic (Neumark, Bohemia, Austria)

Founded in 1832 and existed to around 1905. Fischer's son, added porcelain and named the factory, A Fischer Son Earthenware Factory.

Anton Fischer
1833 - 1870
     


Höcke & List - Fischer & Reichenback - Fischer & Mieg
Artporcel, Manufaktura Pirkenhammer Marks

Artporcel, Manufakutura Pirkenhammer, Brezová, Czech Republic (Pirkenhammer, Bohemia, Austria)

Founded 1802-1803 by Johann Gottlob List and Friedrich Höcke , the company name was Friedrich Höcke.

1805 leased by Ferdinand Kranz and Gottlob Winkel.
1811 sold to Christopher Reichenbach and Christian Nonne. Martin Fischer was a strong financial partner. It was known as Fischer & Reichenbach.
1822 it received a porcelain license.
1824 Martin Fischer's son, Christian, took over the business with Reichenbach. He married Emma Karolina von Mieg, and trained at the National Manufactory in Sčvres, France. Christian is credited for the production changing to Bohemian shapes and styles.
1852 Reichenbach sold his shares to Christian; it was then known as Christian Fischer.
1859 Fischer sold the factory to his son, Rudolf Karl Fischer, and son in-law, Ludwig von Mieg, it then became known as Fischer & Mieg. Ownership changed several times within the family until,
1908 when it was sold at auction to Wilhelm and Victor Maier. The name remained Fischer & Mieg.
1918 it merged into OEPIAG and EPIAG in 1920 and maintained its name until,
1945 when it was nationalized by the government and joined the other EPIAG factories to become a part of Starorolský Porcelán, then Karlovarský Porcelán Brezová in 1958. See the Factory Mergers, Associations and Nationalizations table.

Today, part of the factory is is operated as Thun Karlovarský Porcelán AS Zavod Vujk for the China Research Institute, and the rest of the factory is still in operation today as Artporcel, sro Manufaktura Pirkenhammer.

Update: June 2005 - Milie from the Netherlands recently took two trips to Karlovy Vary. She says that this factory has been taken over by a Russian firm. She also visited Starorolský Porcelán Moritz Zdekauer, and it is still in business.

Fischer & Reichenbach
ca 1815

Christian Fischer
ca 1852
It says: CF 32

Fischer & Mieg
1853 - 1873

Fischer & Mieg
1873 - 1918

Fischer & Mieg
1873 - 1918

Fischer & Mieg
1873 - 1918

Fischer & Mieg
1873 - 1918

OEPIAG Fischer & Mieg
1918 - 1920

EPIAG Fischer & Mieg
Fischer & Mieg
1920 - 1938

EPIAG Fischer & Mieg
Fischer & Mieg
1920 - 1938

Fischer & Mieg
1918 - 1938

Fischer & Mieg

Fischer & Mieg
 
 
Fischer & Mieg
1918-1938
 
Fischer & Mieg
1945-1990

Fischer & Mieg
Includes importer's Mark (?)

Fischer & Mieg
Includes importer's Mark (?)

Fischer & Mieg
Includes Ernst Wahliss Mark (?)

Artporcel, Manufaktura Pirkenhammer
current mark
Artporcel, Manufaktura Pirkenhammer
current mark


Alfred & Malvine Becher - Franz Schmidt - Schmidt & Schuer
Gareis & Kasseker - Ernst Mader - Tichy & Schonfeld - Schonfeld & Dotz
Paris - Schneider & Co - Atelier Lesov AS Marks

1883 founded by Malvine and Alfred Becher in Lesov, Czech Republic (Lessau, Bohemia, Austria). They also owned a factory in Merklin (Merkelsgrun).
1885 Alfred died and Franz Schmidt of "Victoria" Schmidt & Co bought the factory.
1890 the owners were Franz Schmidt and Emil Schuer, Schmidt & Schurer. Schurer also owned a factory in Jakubov
1893 it was owned by Gareis & Kasseker. Kasseker had a factory in Lubenec
1898 Ernst Mader was the owner, who also founded a factory in Jakubov with Gareis.
1904 Tichy & Schonfeld.
1910 the owners were Schonfeld & Dotz.
1914 Wilhelm Paris owned it.
1917 Schneider & Co in Stara Role (Altrohlau) was the owner.
1937 it began producing the "blue onion" pattern.

Presently it is called Atelier Lesov AS. I do not find a Web site for it.

There was one mark for this factory      


Bawo & Dotter Marks

Bawo & Dotter - Rybáre, Czech Republic (Fischern, Bohemia, Austria)

1883 first founded a decorating studio here, shortly they began manufacturing porcelain. Additionally, they continued to buy whiteware from other Karlovy Vary factories for decorating, including factories in Klášterec (one was the Count Thun factory) who produced a line of dinnerware called Vienna China. When PH Leonard went broke in 1898 Bawo & Dotter obtained the exclusive rights to export the Vienna China line and used the mark usually associated with PH Leonard.

1913 the factory closed.

1930 to 1933 it operated as a decorating studio under the name Bawo & Dotter.

Bawo & Dotter were importers from New York City. They imported china from England, Germany, France, and Austria/Czechoslovakia. Their main European office was in Saxony.

Furthermore, they bought a decorating studio in Limoges, France in 1872 and in 1895 began manufacturing porcelain.

Besides porcelain, the company had a glass refinery and decoraitng studio in Kamenický Šenov, Czechia.

Bawo & Dotter
before 1891

Bawo & Dotter
1891 - 1913

Bawo & Dotter

Bawo & Dotter
1891 - 1913
On pieces made in Fischern

Bawo & Dotter
1891 - 1913
On pieces made in Fischern

Bawo & Dotter
1891 - 1913
Multiple Importers
1898 - ?
On the Vienna Line
made in Klasterec

This mark is usually associated with PH Leonard,
however 4 importers used it.


Belfor Marks

It seems there is or was a company named Belfor. Even though the Mark says, "Fine Bohemian China" that is not the factory. I can find no information on a Belfor china factory. However, someone wrote to say that Belfor was a large crystal manufacturer. The other possibility is that it is a decorating studio or importer.

Belfor   Belfor MZ A Belfor Mark and a Moritz Zdekauer Mark on one piece.

Is Belfor a decorating studio or importer?


"Bohemia" Ceramic Works Marks
This is the factory that purportedly made my Grandmother's china.

"Bohemia" Ceramic Works AG, Nová Role, Czech Republic (Neurohlau, Bohemia, Austria)

Founded in 1921. From 1922 to 1945 Philip Rosenthal AG of Selb, Bavaria was a partner.

The factory produced household, hotel, and coffee and tea sets in porcelain. Products were imported to many countries including the United States. Starting in 1976 it produced an onion pattern.

The quality of its products was great enough that it was chosen as the factory to diplay porcelain dinnerware that Czechoslovakia displayed in their pavilion at the 1939 New York Worlds Fair.

In Rontgen's book next to the marks for this factory, the factory name is listed as "Bohemia." Rontgen's book mentions Slavkovský Porcelán being merged into a company named "Bohemia" in 1953, and then the company "Bohemia" being merged into Karlovarský Porcelán in 1958. Logic leads me to believe that "Bohemia" and "Bohemia" Ceramic Works is one and the same. Both Rontgen and Henderson note that "Bohemia" Ceramic Works was nationalized after WWII, and became Karlovarský Porcelán AS Závod Nová Role. There is more information about factory mergers and nationalization on the Factory Mergers, Associations, and Nationalization table.

In addition to the Marks included herein, Henderson's book "Decorated Bohemian Porcelain" and Rontgen's book "Marks on German, Bohemian . . .," show Marks for what appears to be other lines: Bohemia Royal China and Baronet. Rontgen and Replacements Ltd have the factory name as Bohemia (without an "n") Ceramic Works, Henderson and other places I have seen it as Bohemian Ceramic Works. I use the name "Bohemia" Ceramic Works.

It is reported that this factory made Fine Bohemian China. There is more about Fine Bohemian China below.

The factory is still in operation as a division of Thun Karlovarský Porcelán AS Závod Nová Role.

The first five marks are very close to marks identified as being used 1921 to 1945, but there are differences.

Bohemia Ceramic Works

Bohemia Ceramic Works
Bohemia Ceramic Works
& Cecil Shape

Bohemia Ceramic Works
Bohemia Ceramic Works
& Rembrandt
?Shape or Pattern?
 
 

Bohemia Ceramic Works
Bohemia Ceramic Works
& Porcelaine Fine De Boheme'
Is this
"Fine Bohemian China?"

Bohemia Ceramic Works

Bohemia Ceramic Works
Bohemia Ceramic Works
& Cecil Shape

Bohemia Ceramic Works
Bohemia Ceramic Works
& Royal Ivory
1937 - 1945
 
 

Bohemia Ceramic Works
Bohemia Ceramic Works
& Porcelaine Fine De Boheme'
Is this
"Fine Bohemian China?"

Bohemia Ceramic Works

Bohemia Ceramic Works
Bohemia Ceramic Works
& Macy's Dept Store

Bohemia Ceramic Works
Bohemia Ceramic Works
& Royal Ivory
 
 
 

Bohemia Ceramic Works
Bohemia Ceramic Works
& Henriette
29029

A shape name? it is on a Blue Onion pattern piece

Bohemia Ceramic Works

Bohemia Ceramic Works
Bohemia Ceramic Works
& Macy's Dept Store

Bohemia Ceramic Works
Bohemia Ceramic Works
& Royal Ivory
1928 - 1945
Windsor
?Shape or Pattern?

Bohemia Ceramic Works
Is this also
Bohemia Ceramic Works
It says:
Royal Carlsbad

Henderson's book and Rontgen's book both have a few more Marks associated with Bohemia Ceramic Works. However, neither book show any Marks for Fine Bohemian China.

See the Shape Names & ID Table for "Bohemia" Ceramic Works shape marks.


C Riese Porcelain, Terra Cotta and Majolica Factory

Duchov, Czech Republic (Dux, Bohemia, Austria)

Around in 1883.

The only mark known was a CR      


Anton Tschinkel - C Teichert - B Bloch & Co
Eichwald Porcelain & Stove Factory Bloch & Co
Ceský Porcelán Dubí Marks

Dubí, Czech Republic (Eichwald, Bohemia, Austria)

1864 founded by Anton Tschinkel. It started by producing majolica. 1874 it began porcelain production.
1885 C Teichart (a Meissen, Germany company) bought the factory and used patterns and molds from the Meissen plant. It was the first factory to produce the "onion" pattern in Bohemia.
1895 it became B Bloch & Co when Bernard Bloch purchased the factory. In 1920 the company changed its name to Eichwald Porcelain and Stove Factory Bloch & Co.

1939 the Nazis confiscated the factory and sold it to Dr H Widera & Co of Thuringia, Germany. It was Eichwald Porcelain and Stove Factory Widera & Co until 1945.

1947 it was nationalized and merged with the Royal Dux and Count Thun factories to become Duchovský Porcelán. The factories continued to use marks similar to their marks before nationalization. In 1958 Duchovský Porcelán was merged into Karlovarský Porcelán. See the Factory Mergers, Associations and Nationalizations table. In the 1990's it was privatized and became Ceský Porcelán Dubí, AS. In 1997 Ceský Porcelán became the majority stockholder of Porcelánová Manufaktura Royal Dux Bohemia, AS in Duchov. Ceský Porcelán Dubí is still in business today. Be sure to click on the onion page.

Ceský Porcelán Dubí
1993 to present

Ceský Porcelán Dubí
For the onion pattern
1993 to present
with the words
Made in Czech R.

Anton Tschinkel
unconfirmed
ca 1864 - 1885
Anton Tschinkel
unconfirmed
ca 1864 - 1885

B Bloch & Co
1895 to ? B Bloch & Co
1895 to ?
impressed or blue ink underglaze
B Bloch & Co
1895 to ?

B Bloch & Co
~1900

B Bloch & Co
1918 to 1939

B Bloch & Co
1923 to 1939

B Bloch & Co
1918 to 1939

B Bloch & Co
1918 to 1939

B Bloch & Co
1923 to 1939

A crown mark with
a "D" was used
1940 to present

Karlovarský Porcelán
1960 to 1992

Karlovarský Porcelán


Count Thun Porcelain Factory Marks

Count Thun Porcelain Factory, Klášterec, Czech Republic (Klosterle, Bohemia, Austria).

The town was the Thun family estate.

1794 founded by Johann Weber and Johann Sontag, and financed by Count Franz Josef von Thun.
1797 it was leased by Christian Nonne.
1803 Count Josef Matthias von Thun operated the factory.
1805 it was leased by Melzer and Habertitzel.
1819 to 1945 the business was run by the Thuns as Count Thun Porcelain Factory. The earliest Marks look like a letter "K" with antlers or the letters "TK," some of the Marks appear as "Thuny," (1895-1945). In 1947 the factory was nationalized into Duchcovský Porcelán in Dux, then in 1958 it became part of Karlovarský Porcelán. See the Factory Mergers, Associations and Nationalizations table. It operated as Karlovarský Porcelán AS Závod Klášterec. Karlovarský Porcelán was privatized in 1992. Thereafter, several of the factories became independent businesses again, while others were maintained in the group. In 2001 Karlovarský Porcelán acquired the TK Thun design studio (not this factory) and began using the Thun Trademark. Thun Karlovarský Porcelán AS Závod Klásterec is still in business today.

Thun Karlovarský Porcelán
2001 - present

TK Count Thun
1830 - 1895

TK Count Thun
1895 - 1945

TK Count Thun
1918 - 1939

TK Count Thun
1918 - 1939

TK Count Thun
1918 - 1939 & od 1947

TK Count Thun
1918 - 1945

Thun Karlovarský Porcelán
1939 - 1945
during Nazi occupation

TK Count Thun

TK Count Thun

TK Count Thun

Karlovarský Porcelán
after 1945

Karlovarský Porcelán
After 1993
with Baum Bros
Importer Mark


Bros Urbach - Triptis AG - Ditmar-Urbach AG
Ostmark-Ceramic AG Marks

Ditmar-Urbach AG, Trnovany, Czechia (Turn-Teplitz, Bohemia, Austria)

1882 the factory was founded by the Urbach brothers and named, Bros Urbach.
1912 it was then taken over by Imperially and Royally Privileged Wilhemsberg-Earthenware Factory in Wilhelmsberg, Austria, owned by Richard Lichtenstern, who also owned Rudolf Ditmar Heirs factory in Znojmo, Czechia (Znaim, Moravia, Austria). At some point, the Urbach and Ditmar factories were combined to create one entity.
1913 the company was bought by Triptis AG in Triptis.
1919 Triptis AG was dissolved and the former owner Richard Lichtenstern bought back the company, Lictenstern maintained ownership, but split the factories to create two companies, Ditmar-Urbach AG and Wilhemlmsberger Eartheware Factory Richard Lichtenstern & Co.
1938 it was confiscated by the Nazis and became Ostmark-Ceramics AG.
1945 the factory was nationalized.
Present status uknown.

Ditmar-Urbach
 
Ditmar-Urbach
 
   


Ritter von Schnau Brothers & Hasslacher - Proeschold & Co
EPIAG D.F. Porcelan Dalovice Marks

EPIAG D.F. Porcelan Dalovice , Dalovice, Czechia (Dallwitz, Bohemia, Austria)

1802 Johann and Wenzl Ritter von Schonau and Benedikt Hasslacher founded a stoneware factory, and called it Ritter von Schnau Brothers & Hasslacher. Hasslacher was the director until he started his own factory in Stara Role in 1818. Johann's son, Wolfgang, continued in the business after Johann's death. 1830 the factory received permission to produce porcelain. 1831 Wolfgang installed a transfer design printing press.
1832 the factory was bought by Wilhelm W Lorenz. The factory was known for its high quality Late Empire shape pieces with paintings.
1850 Franz Fischer bought the factory and sold it in
1855 to Franz Urfuss. Rococo Revival pieces were added to production.
1860 and 1861 it was owned by Franz and Julie Urfuss. From
1861 the Thuringia bank operated it until
1871 when David and Friedrich von Riedenstein bought it.
1889 it was bought by Ban von Springer who had a factory in Loket.
1891 Ludwig Proeschold, Rudolf Gottl, Donath Zebesch, and Pfeiffer owned and called it Proeschold & Co.
1918 it was one of the original members of the OEPIAG/EPIAG association.

In 1945, it was nationalized along with the other EPIAG factories and merged into Starorolský Porcelán with Altrohlau Porcelain Factory and "Victoria" Schmidt & Co. In 1958, Starorolský Porcelán merged into Karlovarský Porcelán. Also, see the Factory Mergers, Associations and Nationalizations table. It appears to still be operation today as EPIAG D.F. Porcelan Dalovice. Yet, I can find no Web site for it.

Proeschold & Co
1920 - 1945

Proeschold & Co
1920 - 1945

Proeschold & Co
1939 - 1945
EPIAG DF
after 1945
Proeschold & Co - DF
 

Proeschold & Co - DF
 


Fine Bohemian China Marks

I find no evidence of a Fine Bohemian China factory. I have no corroboration for whom, when, or where.

I corresponded with the author of "Decorated Bohemian Porcelain," James Henderson. He implied this factory made "Fine Bohemian China" and his book would have information on Fine Bohemian China. Yet, there is not one word or Mark for it in the book, and only approximately 144 words on the "Bohemia" Ceramic Works factory, which does not say it is the originating factory for Fine Bohemian China, but did have Marks for what appears to be other lines. Neither Rontgen's book, nor the Kovels' book have one word or Mark for Fine Bohemian China.

Replacements Ltd has Fine Bohemian China listed under Bohemia Ceramic Works, but they will not provide data why they make the association. Other online dealers have Fine Bohemian China listed inclusive with Bohemia Ceramic Works. I have written Thun Karlovarský Porcelán AS Závod Nová Role and the main office of Thun Karlovarský Porcelán requesting information, but have received no response. The quest continues.

For now, I will accept the assumption that the factory for this china is "Bohemia" Ceramic Works, Nová Role, Czech Republic (Neurohlau, Bohemia, Austria), presently operated as Thun Karlovarský Porcelán AS Závod Nová Role. There is more about "Bohemia" Ceramic Works above.

Bohemia Ceramic Works
Fine Bohemian China
Bohemia Ceramic Works
Fine Bohemian China
Bohemia Ceramic Works
Fine Bohemian China
Bohemia Ceramic Works
Fine Bohemian China
Bohemia Ceramic Works
Fine Bohemian China
Bohemia Ceramic Works
Fine Bohemian China
Bohemia Ceramic Works
Fine Bohemian China
The mark to the left is on my china. Someone wrote that her set was purchased in the 1960's.

Marks that say "Fine Bohemian China,"
but are from other factories or unknown.

  Bohemia Ceramic Works
Unknown
  Unknown Fine Bohemian China
Unknown
Unknown Belfor I can find no information on a Belfor china company.
However, someone wrote to say that Belfor is a large crystal manufacturer until it burned down in the 1980's.
Benedikt Brothers The box states "Fine Bohemian China," but the logo is "GB" the Mark for Gebrüder Benedikt. This is a newer plate, notice the "dishwasher safe."
Moritz Zdekauer The words say Fine Bohemian China, but the logo "MZ" & phoenix, is for Moritz Zdekauer. Thun Karlovarsky Porcelan Lesov It says Fine Bohemian China, but the "LC" and crown is the logo for a factory in Lesov, now Thun Karlovarský Porcelán AS Závod Concordia Lesov.. This is a newer piece, notice the "Czech Republic."


Richter, Fenkl & Hahn - Fenkl & Langer Marks

Fenkl & Langer, Chodov, Czechia (Chodau, Bohemia, Austria)

1882 founded by Albert Richter, Karl Fenkl, and Alois Hahn; building started and it was nick named the new factory versus Haas & Czjzek's factory in the town.
1883 the factory began production.
1885 Hahn died and his portion went to his son in-law Anton Langer.
1890 it was one of the largest factories in the Karlovy Vary region. It was called Fenkl & Langer.

After WWII the factory closed.

Richter, Fenkl & Hahn
1918 - 1939
without Czechoslovakia
1900 - 1918
     


Gebrüder Benedikt - Benedikt Brothers
United Porcelain Factories Meierhofen
G Benedikt Karlovy Vary Marks

Gebrüder Benedikt or Benedikt Brothers Porcelain Factory - Dvory, Czech Republic (Meierhofen, Bohemia, Austria)

1883-1885 brothers Veit and Philipp Benedikt founded the Benedikt Brothers Porcelain Factory.
1907 Viet owned the factory alone, then in
1910 Leo and Otto Benedikt owned it and the name was Benedikt Brothers AG; in
1925 it became known as United Porcelain Factory Meierhofen, because in 1918 the Eberhardt & Co factory merged with Gebrüder Benedikt. It is reported that around 1928 the owners were Leo and Berthold Moser-Benedikt.
1931 to 1945 it was a member of EPIAG. During the Nazi occupation of Czechoslovakia, it produced porcelain with the GB logo and the country name Germany or Deutschland.

After WWII it became part of Starorolský Porcelán with EPIAG, followed by Karlovarský Porcelán. See the Factory Mergers, Associations and Nationalizations table. In 1992 it became independent as Hotelový Porcelán Karlovy Vary. In 2002 it took the old Benedikt name and is now G Benedikt Karlovy Vary. This link sporadically does not work, try again.

G Benedikt Karlový Varý
2002 - present
United Porcelain Factory Meierhofen
1883 - 1925
w/ Austria
1925 - 1939
w/ Czechoslovakia

United Porcelain Factory Meierhofen
 

United Porcelain Factory Meierhofen
1925 - 1939

Karlovarský Porcelán

Benedikt Brothers
Shape name ?Omeco?

Benedikt Brothers
Shape name ?Omeco?

Goddard Brothers Marks

Goddard Brothers - Czech Republic (Bohemia, Austria)

This is pure hearsay. Because my birthname is Goddard I had to include this mark.

I found this information on eBay and have not been able to verify it. The seller of a piece with a Mark like this one claims it to be used by a factory named Goddard Brothers in Czechoslovakia in the 1930's and 1940's. However, Gebrüder Benedikt has a Mark very similar to this a heart, crown, and Czecho - Slovakia, without the GB in the center. As intriguing as it is to me to have china with my birthname, I suspect it is really a Gebrüder Benedikt mark.

Unknown
     


Schiller & Gerbing - W Schiller & Son
Gerbing & Stephan Marks

Founded in 1829 by Gerbing and Schiller in Podmokly, Czechia. (Bodenbach, Bohemia, Austria)

1885 approximately, the company was split into two factories W Schiller & Son and Gerbing & Stephan.

1885 Gerbing & Stephan, according to Rontgen's book was one side of the split company. Another source, Christopher S Marshall tells me that Gerbing died in 1885.

1898 F & A Gerbing operated the factory until
1905 when Alexander Gerbing took over. (Rontgen)

The factories produced procelain as well as earthenware.

Gerbing & Stephen

Gerbing & Stephen

Gerbing & Stephen

Gerbing & Stephen

Gerbing & Stephen

Gerbing & Stephen

Gerbing & Stephen
1898 - 1905
Gerbing & Stephen
1898 - 1905

Gerbing & Stephen
1898 - 1905 Gerbing & Stephen
1898 - 1905+


Venier & Co - Josef Koch
Gottfried and Vielgut Marks

Gottfried and Vielgut Meretitz, Czech Republic (Miretice, Bohemia, Austria)

1900 Venier & Co Ceramic Factory Products founded by Franz Venier
1914 Josef Koch was the owner,
1921 Anton Gottfried and Oskar Vielgut owned it and called it Gottfried and Vielgut.

1921 it was merged into the new company Porcelain Union, United Porcelain Factory AG.

1927 Porcelain Union, United Porcelain Factory AG joined the EPIAG association.

1939 all of the factories were closed.

Porcelain Union, United Porcelain Factory
1921 -
     


Franz Lehnert - Schwalb - Porcelain Factory Bros Kassecker
H Reinl Porcelain Factory Marks

1846 Franz Lehnert founded the factory in Lubenec, Czech Republic (Lubenz, Bohemia, Austria). Subsequent owners were Schwalb and then Porcelain Factory Bros Kassecker. H Reinl Porcelain Factory followed next with a branch here.

The mark shown for this factory is very similar to the mark for a factory in Lesov.

It is still in operation as Thun Karlovarský Porcelán AS Závod Lubenec.

The history for this factory is confusing. It has nearly the identical history in Henderson's book as it has for a factory in Jeleny. Rontgen's book does not have a factory listed for Jeleny. The history for the Jeleny factory is as follows:

1846 Franz Lehnert (from Kysibl-Struzna) founded the factory in Jeleny, Czech Republic (Hirschen, Bohemia, Austria). He died in 1881, but it used the name Franz Lehnert until 1883. The factory closed and then reopened in
1898 by Josef and Kleophas Kasseker and called it Porcelain Factory Bros Kassecker, .
1912 Heinrich Reinl owned it, who also had a factory in Lubenec (Lubenz).
1933 it was operating as a branch of the Reinl Teplicka (Toppeles) factory.
1943 the owners were Anton, Heinrich, and Rosa Reinl.

There were three marks shown for the time period of Reinl ownership.

       


Lippert & Haas
Haas & Czjzek Marks

Haas & Czjzek - Horní Slavkov, Czech Republic (Schlaggenwald, Bohemia, Austria)

Founded in 1792 by Johann Georg Paulus, Johann Poschl, and Johann Reumann without a porcelain permit. Slavkovský is the Bohemian name of the forest and mountains surrounding this area. This is the first operational Porcelain factory in Bohemia.

1800 Luise Greiner bought the factory.
1808 Johann Lippert owned the factory, made Wenzl Haas a partner, and named it Lippert & Haas. A few years later it was famous, award winning, and profitable. In 1812 it received a porcelain license.
1830 August Haas joined the company when his father, Wenzl died.
1843 Lippert left his share of the company to his son in-law, Johannes Moehling, upon his death.
1847 August Haas bought out Moehling.
1867 Johann Czjzek, a newphew, became a partner. The company name was Haas & Czjzek.
1872 the company bought the Portheim & Sons factory in Dolní Chodov, Czech Republic (Chodau, Bohemia, Austria).
After WWII the factories was nationalized into Karlovarský Porcelán. See the Factory Mergers, Associations and Nationalizations table.
After 1992 the Horní Slavkov (Schlaggenwald) plant became independent from the nationalized company and is still in operation today as Haas & Czjzek .

Both factories were named Haas & Czjzek until after WWII. The Horní Slavkov factory used an "S" or Schlaggenwald in the marks and the Chodov factory used a "C" or Chodau.
A little more history and a display of Marks.

Haas & Czjzek
1992 - present
 
Haas & Czjzek
after 1993

Haas & Czjzek
1867 - 1888

Haas & Czjzek
1867 - 1888

Haas & Czjzek
1888 - 1896

Haas & Czjzek
after 1896

Haas & Czjzek
 

Haas & Czjzek
1918 - 1945

Haas & Czjzek
1918 - 1945

Haas & Czjzek
1918 - 1945

Haas & Czjzek
1918 - 1945

Haas & Czjzek
1939 - 1945

Haas & Czjzek
with Germany
Haas & Czjzek

Karlovarský Porcelán
1945 - 1992

Karlovarský Porcelán
1945 - 1992

Haas & Czjzek

Haas & Czjzek

Haas & Czjzek

Miessl - Johann Huttner & Co - Geitner & Stirba - Portheim & Sons
Haas & Czjzek Marks

Founded in 1811 by Franz Miessl, Dolní Chodov, Czech Republic (Chodau, Bohemia, Austria)

1811 Miessl found a stoneware factory.
1812 Benedikt Hasslacher was a partner, in
1820 Christian Traugott Kreissl became a partner.
1822 Franz Lang leased the factory.
1830 porcelain production began.
1830 Wenzel Peter leased it, then
1832 Wolfgang Julius Freiherr Von Schonau were leasees.
1834 Franz Weiss also leased it.
1834, July 1st Johann Dietl, Johann Huttner, and Johann Schreyer purchased it. The name was Johann Huttner & Co.
1835 it received a license to produce porcelain.
1843 Ernst August Geitner, Johann Stirba, and Christian Friedrich Wesenberg bought the factory.
1845 Alois Peter Porges, a Portheim nobleman owned it. A relative of Porges wrote me to tell me that Porges' name was originally Ignatz Porges. He changed it to Alois Peter Porges in 1840. In 1841 he and his brother received the noble title of Edler von Portheim from the Austrian Kaiser. [www.Porges.net has some information.]
1847 Moses Porges, and then his sons Ignaz and Gustav joined the company and named it Portheim & Sons
1872 Haas & Czjzek purchased the factory and named it Haas & Czjzek branch Chodau

After WWII, the factory was nationalized into Karlovarský Porcelán. See the Factory Mergers, Associations and Nationalizations table. The factory is still in operation as a branch of Thun Karlovarský Porcelán AS Závod Chodov.

Thun Karlovarský Porcelán
Chodov Plant
after 1993
Johann Huttner & Co
Chodov Plant
1840 - 1845

You can barely see it, but there is a C at the beginning of this mark.

This factory also has an impressed mark with the spelling Kodau,
1834-1845

Haas & Czjzek
Chodov Plant
1918 - 1945
Haas & Czjzek
Chodov Plant
1918 - 1945

 
Haas & Czjzek
Chodov Plant
1939 - 1945


H Wehinger & Co Marks

H Wehinger & Co, Hory, Czech Republic (Horn, Bohemia, Austria).

1890 Johann Kempf establishes an earthenware factory.
1897 Louise Klier bought the factory; two years later she converts it to a porcelain and earthenware factory.
1899 Wenzl & Franz Grunes bought it.
1902 Franz sold his portion to Wenzl. It was called Grunes & Co Porcelain Factory and Decorating Studio.
1905 Heinrich Wehinger and Rudolf Wagner bought the business and called it H Wehinger & Co. 1921 it is incorporated.

1928 the factory closed.

  H Wehinger & Co
after 1918
   


IS Maier & Co Poshetzau Porcelain Factory Marks

IS Maier & Co Poshetzau Porcelain Factory, Božicany, Czechia (Poshetzau, Bohemia, Austria)

1890 Philip Schreyer, IS Maier, and Nathan Ehrlich founded the factory.
1909 Schreyer's widow took over her husband's share of the business. 1911 Maier's share went to his son Arthur. 1924 Bertha Heinzmann Maier's daughter was owner and his daughter Gertrud Kastl joined later. 1928 Erlich's sons Karl and Otto received their father's shares.
1938 The Erlichs and Maier had their shares of the factory were confiscated by the Nazis and put the factory in charge of others.

1945 the factory closed. In 1968 the business was dissolved.

IS Maier & Co Poshetzau
1919 - 1939
     


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